Learn all the basics steps how to teach kids to read. Most people don’t think about the learning to read cycle until they want to start teaching their kids in their home.
People say, learning to read is not a ‘normal’ cycle that happens all by itself. It’s a dynamic one involving the proper teaching of various skills and techniques, such as phonics and phonemic understanding.
The good thing is that while reading itself is a difficult task, and the steps are taken to improve those skills are relatively straightforward and easy. Use these natural and time-tested techniques below to teach the children how to read and make it a meaningful and satisfying experience.
Here are seven necessary steps to teach your kid how to read at home:
1 – Make easy home word cards.
Cut out easy cards and write a three-sounded word on each. Invite your child to pick a coin, then read the word and hold up three fingers together. Ask them to say they hear the first sound in the name, then the second, and then the third. This simple activity requires little pre-time and builds essential phonics and decoding skills. If your child starts learning the alphabet letters, focus more on the sound that each letter makes than letter names.
2 – Play magnets with letters.
For some children, middle vowel sounds can be delicate, which is why this activity can be of such benefit. Prepare letter magnets in the fridge and move the vowels (a, e, I o, u) to one side. Say the word CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant), for example ‘cat’ and ask your child to use the magnets to spell it. To encourage them, say any vowel sounds aloud (/ayh/, /eh/, /ih/, /awe/, /uh/) when pointing to its letter, and ask your Kids which one makes a sound close to that of the center.
3 – Use nursery rhymes and songs to develop phonemic awareness.
Children’s songs and nursery rhymes aren’t just a lot of fun — the melody and melody help children listen in words to the sounds and syllables that make them learn to read. An excellent way to create phonemic knowledge is to clap together rhythmically, reciting songs in unison. This fun, bonding activity is a unique way for children to subtly develop the literacy skills that will set them up to be useful reading.
4 – Engage your child in an atmosphere rich in print.
Through developing a print-rich environment at home, provide regular opportunities to build your child’s reading skills. Viewing written words helps children to see and make associations between sounds and symbols of letters. If you’re out and about, point out posters, banners, and signs with letters. You can model the notes sounding out in time to create sentences. Focus on words to the first post. Tell your child “What’s that letter sound like? “What other name does that sound start with? “Which word does this phrase rhyme? “
5 – Use the unique power to keep your child engaged.
Learning to read should be an entertaining experience to keep children inspired to learn. Sometimes at the beginning, a child might be full of excitement and eagerness to learn, but once they hit a wall, they can feel overwhelmed and quickly give up. As a parent, picking up again and knowing where to fill in any holes that may cause disappointment, may feel impossible.
Children are consistently praised for completing tasks and attaining new levels, which motivates them to stay on track. Parents can also access reviews of immediate success to see how a child’s skills are changing.
6 – Read daily together and ask questions about the novel.
A lot of people don’t realize just how many skills a child can learn through the simple act of reading. Not only do you teach them how to sound words out. You also develop crucial comprehension skills, broaden their vocabulary, and let them hear what a fluent reader sounds. Above all, regular reading helps your child grow a love reading which is the perfect way to set them up to be effective in reading.
Strengthen the comprehension ability of your child by asking questions while reading. Encourage younger children to interact with the pictures (e.g., “Do you see the boat? What colour is the cat?”). Ask older kids questions about what you’ve just read, such as “Why do you think the little bird was scared? “How did Sophie know that she had special powers? “
7 – Play games every day to memorize words with high-frequency hearing.
Sight words are those that can not be sounded out quickly, and that needs to be heard on hearing. High-frequency sight words are words that often occur in reading and writing.
The learning of sight words technique is, “See the word, speak the word.” Young children must learn to recognize and read sight words to become fluent readers. Most children will be able to learn a few words of sight at the age of four (i.e., it, my, me, no, see, and we) and around 20 sight words of by the end of their first school year.
You can teach sight words by playing with flashcards and using reading programs from here.