Learn how to teach a kid to read. One of my most significant interests is teaching children to read as a retired first-grade teacher! But because most kids don’t start “learning” until about six years old, I didn’t want parents to feel pressured to begin reading their 3-year-old.
The information shared below, however, is general information that helps children of all ages, whether or not your child is willing to read. Don’t introduce all these techniques at once, and don’t expect your child to be able to do it all right away. Learning to read is a process, and when you think your child is ready, the information below is for you to implement.
Please also note that while the suggestions below are marked as “steps,” they are not necessarily in consecutive order, nor are they appropriate. The knowledge you’ll find here is just a guide to help you see how each of the learning components works together!
1. Read Aloud to your kids:
Teaching your child to read is a cycle that starts in childhood. No, I am not in support of programs that claim to teach your baby how to read using flashcards! I am helping you to do to start reading within days of welcoming her home with your newborn! Not only is reading time creating a particular bonding time for the two of you, but it also instills a love of books in her. Enjoyment when reading is one of the main predictors in school-age children of learning progress. When kids don’t learn to enjoy reading from an early age, it most definitely hinders their ability down the road sometime.
How much you are reading to your child is entirely up to you and your parents, but I recommend you want to read at least 3-4 books a day, even though your child is very young. Make it your short term family goal to read together for at least 20 minutes each day as she grows a little older and can sit for more extended periods.
2. Ask questions.
Asking questions when reading to your child is useful. Not only to motivate your child to engage with the book, but it is also instrumental in improving their ability to understand what they are learning. You know, if our primary goal is “reading” is to get our child to “sound out” terms, we’ve missed the boat. Even children with high fluency can decode words and “read” may still be unable to understand what they are reading. If a child is unable to grasp what he is reading, there is no point at all in reading!
When your child is a baby, ask him questions like, “See the cat?”While pointing at the cat’s image. Not only will this improve his vocabulary, but he will also be able to engage with the book he is reading. As he grows older, he asks him to point himself to things in the book and make the sounds of the animals he sees.
Start asking questions before, during, and after reading the book, once your child is about 2 or 3 years of age. Show your child the book cover and ask him what (predicting) he thinks about the story. Ask him while reading what he thinks will happen in the story or why he thinks a character made a choice. If a figure shows a strong emotion, identify that emotion, and ask your child if he ever felt like that. Ask if his prediction(s) were accurate at the end of the book. Then ask him to tell you what (summarizing) he remembered happening in the novel.
Modifying each of these strategies to reach your child’s developmental stage during reading-aloud is an excellent way to foster and improve comprehension of reading!
3. Be a good example (reading):
Even if your daughter is intrigued by books from an early age, her interest can diminish. If she doesn’t see the pattern of reading in her home. If you’re not yourself an avid reader, make a conscious effort to let your kids see you reading every day for at least a few minutes! It’s up to you to read a magazine, a cookbook, a novel, your Bible! Yet tell your child that reading needs to be done even by adults. Share this article with your husband if you’ve got a son. They need to see their fathers read, especially as it’s not something young, energetic boys are naturally inclined to do.
Occasionally, as parents, we can get caught up with exactly what our kids should do to be productive. But we often forget that by example, kids often learn. Take a book and take off a load. For the sake of your son, of course!
4. Identify letters in natural settings:
As a decorative decoration in their rooms, before our boys were born, we painted and hung large wooden letters that spelled their name above the crib. I would never have thought Big Brother would have such a learning opportunity for those wooden letters! He began to ask around the age of 2.5 what letters were above his name. Personally, that’s how a child learned to spell his name. And he could also spell the name of his brother because he also took an interest in his letters. It is called “environmental printing” in technical terms and involves all the print we are surrounded by— fast-food signs, tags, signs of traffic, clothes, newspapers, etc.
They often want to pressure our kids by a certain age to know letter names. We buy flashcards or DVDs that claim to teach their letters to our children. We’re training our 2-year-old for minutes on end over and over. Let your kid be a kid and take advantage of the “teachable moments” when they come along! Children’s minds are like sponges and can memorize the alphabet from drilling, but this is not the most effective method that will deliver the best long-term results.
Your child is going to be curious about the print that he sees around him and asks questions. It is your chance to jump in with a practical application that has real meaning and value for your son.
Don’t misinterpret me, and I don’t think it’s essential to learn the alphabet. It’s certainly important. But even more critical is how we teach! Please note that our ultimate goal is to encourage a lifelong learner who enjoys reading, not a kid who has memorized without purpose.
5. Word Families:
Word families are words that rhyme, to put it. Teaching word families to children is a task of phonemic awareness that helps children see trends in learning. It is a useful skill as it allows kids to start “reading” by grouping letter sets within a word. The first section of a word is called the start, and luckily the last part of the word is called the rime. Word families share the same “rime” that changes at the beginning.
Once your baby learns the word “mop,” it will have a benefit to reading all the other words that have the same rhyme because only one letter is changing. Furthermore, understanding rhyming words is in and of itself a great language skill!
6. Phonemic Awareness and Phonics:
Phonemes are the English language’s smallest sounds. These sounds consist of consonants, short vowels, long vowels, and digraphs. “Phonemic Awareness” consists of learning and manipulating those sounds within a word.
Phonics “covers learning how to spell those sounds and the different rules followed by the English language. Phonics is an important reading/spelling element, but it should never be the focus of attention. Once, we try to align our “plan” of literacy with knowing to learn as a result. Knowing phonics rules is just a tool that helps a child learn how to decipher and write. I used and enjoyed the classroom Pathways To Read program as my phonemic awareness and phonics curriculum! It made learning all the tricky spellings so much fun, but until your child is in kindergarten or first grade, I wouldn’t suggest this.
7. Sight Words:
It is also known as high-frequency words, which are often challenging to decipher phonetically in our written language because they do not follow phonics laws. That’s why they need to be memorized. As I have before shared with you, I am not in favor of rote memorization for excellent training, as I think it only uses the lowest level of cognitive processes. Sight words, however, need to be memorized to make your child a fluent reader.
Some standard lists of sight words have been considered useful by individual researchers, including the Dolche List and the Fry List. As you look at this list, don’t get overwhelmed. I start working on a few words of vision at a time as you think your child is ready.
There’s no “magic formula” to teach your child how to read, as you probably noticed. The points we addressed in previous posts outlined simple, practical strategies for your child that are easy to modify. Each child is learning differently, after all! The series is not to be used as a “checklist” or feel your child can learn once you’ve covered all the techniques. Instead, this series provides you with valuable information so that you can guide your child while giving a print-rich learning environment to promote a reader’s development. Don’t rush, don’t worry! While taking advantage of prime-learning time is essential, letting your kid be a kid is even more important! 👍Refer here the complete method of how to teach a kid to read and write fast👍