Learn Erectile Dysfunction Treatments and causes. Erectile dysfunction refers to a male’s inability to consistently and repeatedly maintain an erection. Because it affects about 18-30 million people, it affects the quality of life considerably. Individuals are mostly hesitant to talk to other people about it, including doctors. That’s why publicly discussing this topic is essential.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis is made up of two cylinder-shaped chambers called corpora cavernosa, which extend along the penis length. These have arteries that bring the blood to the penis and veins that drain the blood from the penis. Our brain sends a message to the nerves in the penis, which allow the penile arteries to relax when there is sexual arousal, whether physically or mentally. It reduces the flow of blood to the penis, making it rigid and trying to get an erection. There is a simultaneous contraction of specific muscles in the penis, compressing the arteries and increasing blood outflow from the penis, thereby helping to support an erection.
This is clear now that anything that interferes with either nerve impulses anywhere from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis can result in erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Most of the people consider it as a psychological problem. However, it is not the case. Although psychological factors are involved in the causation of ED, mostly, we do have any underlying physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
We understand that it is the increased blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve an erection. Thus any vascular diseases which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it difficult to get an erection. They include atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and increased levels of cholesterols.
Males suffering from diabetes mellitus usually experience erectile dysfunction at some point in life, particularly when they don’t have optimum sugar control. The ED associated with diabetes will be attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
For adequate erection, we require the proper functioning of our nerves as well as the brain. This is why any disorder that interferes with the functions of the brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They include conditions such as Stroke, Multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
Lifestyle choices can increase the risk of erectile dysfunction. They include smoking, drinking and drug abuse. They do so by interfering with the blood supply of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis can also cause erectile dysfunction. The primary importance of injury as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in people who have been riding a bicycle for a more extended period. This is because bicycle seat can put constant pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis, thereby damaging them and resulting in erectile dysfunction.
Some medications can induce erectile dysfunction. These include drugs used to lower blood pressure, as well as certain antidepressants. The irony is anxiety or high blood pressure is one of the causes of erectile dysfunction, and the medications you use to treat those disorders cause erectile dysfunction as well. That’s why it’s crucial for you to speak to your doctor if you’re on any drugs, and you’re starting to have erection problems.
Mostly older people above the age of 50 have problems with erection. This is the age when people also present with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgeries for these conditions, and during operation, the nerves supplying the penis might be damaged, resulting in erectile dysfunction..
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is involved in achieving an erection as well as pleasure and excitement associated with sex, so any problem that interferes with the functioning of the mind can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are responsible for only about 10-15%of the cases of ED. They include